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Saturday, July 31, 2010

Gallstone Ileus on CT Scans

-This CT demonstrates the classic Rigler’s Triad of gallstone ileus: Pneumobilia (air in the biliary tract), low small bowel obstruction with distended small bowel loops, and an impacted gallstone in the terminal ileum.
Gallstone ileus is the name given to the mechanical small bowel obstruction caused by a gallstone impacting in the terminal ileum. The gallstone passes through a cholecystoduodenal fistula, travels the length of the small bowel, and then obstructs just proximal to the ileocecal valve. It is an unusual complication of cholecystolithiasis and chronic cholecystitis.

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